For many years I in fact thought that a supercharger and turbocharger or turbo were the very same thing. Simply different names from various car makers, right? In fact that’s not quite true.
A turbocharger is really a type of supercharger. It’s a gas compressor that is utilized for forced induction on a web combustion engine (cars and truck engines for instance). The purpose of a turbo is to develop more power by increasing the density of the air entering the engine. The turbocharger has the compressor powered by a turbine which is driven by the engine’s exhaust. This is different from a supercharger which is powered by a mechanical drive.
Turbocharging is really common on diesel motor since they are fit extremely well for turbocharging. An engine’s specific power and power to weight ratio can be significantly improved by turbocharging. Without this, those stats are bad in non turbocharged diesel motor.
Turbochargers utilized in fuel engines of high efficiency cars and trucks and diesel motor in transport. Small automobiles really take advantage of a turbo as there is not much room to fit a large engine. Some cars and truck producers have produced turbocharged vehicles for several years such as Volvo, Saab, Audi, Volkswagen and Subaru. Chrysler and Buick developed turbocharged engines in the 70’s and 80’s.
A supercharger is air compressor used for forced induction of an internal combustion engine. Superchargers are mechanically powered by belt, gear, shaft or chain connected to the engine’s crankshaft. sprintex supercharger jeep jk review. Superchargers powered by an exhaust gas turbine are turbochargers. The supercharger increases the power output of the engine by offering more oxygen to support combustion. The very first supercharged automobiles were presented in 1921 by Mercedes. Superchargers are extensively utilized by racing and production cars i.e. pricey, high efficiency automobiles.
There are three different types of superchargers in automotive use: centrifugal turbochargers which are driven from exhaust gases, centrifugal superchargers which are driven by the engine through a belt drive and favorable displacement pumps. Favorable displacement superchargers, in many applications, are less efficient than turbochargers however for dragsters and cars used in tractor pulling competitions these superchargers are extremely common for their engine response and power.
The economy and power of a turbocharged engine are much better than with superchargers. However the main benefit of a mechanically driven supercharger is a better throttle reaction and the ability to reach full increase pressure instantaneously.
For both superchargers and turbochargers, and important part of the design is to keep the air that gets in the engine cool. Air compression raises its temperature level so it prevails to use an intercooler to decrease the temperature level of the air in between the pump and engine.